History of Gujarat


The state saw various kingdoms like Mauryas, Guptas, Pratiharas etc, but it was under the regime of Chalukyas (Solanki) Gujarat witnessed progress and prosperity. In spite of the plundering of Mahmud of Ghazni, the Chalukyan kings were able to maintain general prosperity and well being of the state. After this glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled times under the Muslims, Marathas and the British rules.

The Present state of Gujarat was formed in 1st May 1960, as a result of Bombay Reorganization act, 1960. The state is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and north-east respectively, Madhya Pradesh in the south east and Maharashtra in south.

The state has witnessed all-round progress in all fields. It has been recognized as one of the leading industrial states in the country. There are 1500 large and medium, 1,84,119 small scale industrial units registered as on March 1996. The principal industries are textiles, chemicals, and petro-chemicals, complex of IPCL and Gujarat Oil refinery located near Vadodara. Gujarat is also the main producer of tobacco, cotton and groundnut in the country.

Gujarat with its immense tourism has unending list of tourist destinations, right from Ahmedabad- the Manchester of India, Gandhiji's Sabarmati Ashram, spectacular peninsula of Saurashtra, the historic Jain Temple of Palitana, Sasangiri the last natural habitat of majestic Asiatic lions, the coastal towns of Porbandar and Dwarka the semi-inland of Kutch etc, the list is unending. The history of Gujarat that can be measured by time dates hack to the last stages of the fourth century B.C. The history of human culture prior to that period begins with the Stone Age. The references of Gujarat and Saurashtra are found in Mahabharata, 'Arthashastra' of Chanakya, Deval Smriti and Buddha stories written during the 1st century A.D. Clear references to Saurashtra in the stone inscriptions at Girnar, of Maha Kshatrap Rudradama of 150 A.D, of the remains and reminiscences of the people living at Rozdi (Shrinathgadh) near Gondal in Saurashtra of 1850 B.C. and different strata of cultural life found at various places prove that the culture of Gujarat is at least no less than 4,000 years old!

An effort to concise the history of Gujarat from Shri Krishna to Muslim period.