History of Gujarat

Surat

Surat
History of Surat, developed on the banks of River Tapi, a daughter of the Sun, is very splendid. Attracted by the prosperity of Surat, in around 1600 A. D., Surat city was plundered twice by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. As flags of Choryasi port were waving in Surat city, it was named Choryasi. Thus, Surat was an important port in the past. Valandas had established their central office also in Surat city. The British established the first trade office, first time in India in Surat in 1612 A. D. and obtained rights of trading for East India Company in 1614.

On studying in detail regarding the history of Surat, it is revealed that distinct references of Surat are found since the beginning of the fifteenth century only. Before that the land area of Surat district passed thought historical experiences of centuries. Many dynasties ruled over the region. By the hundreds of Copper Plates found reveal that tradition of Sect / Religion was already established. Surat had become the main attraction of habitation for the traders - exporters of the whole world.

The tradition is seen by the two names of the city viz. Surat and Suryapur since the historical reference of Surat city is found. The use of the word Suryapur is firstly found in the metal inscription of Jain idols. The Mention of the name Surat is found since the middle part of the Fifteenth Century. Moreover, the idiom Surat is found constantly used in the Jain literature works and Persian history books. During the earlier part of the Fifteenth Century, under the Muslim Empire, the word Surat was established for this town / port.

About the dwelling of Surat, Muslim historians note that Qutbuddin Aybak in 1194 A. D. and Mohammad Tughlaq in 1347 A. D. visited Surat. Sultan Firoz Tughlaq constructed a small fort for the protection of Surat and Zafar Khan, the Governor of Gujarat, appointed his son Masti Khan as governor of Rander and Surat in 1391. The original Surat was limited to the areas of Dariya Mahel, Shahpore, Nanavat, Sodagarwad, etc. But, a rich noble man named Malik Gopi expanded it by inhabiting Gopipura and by constructing Gopi Talav. He constructed Rani Talav in the memory of his wife, after that he was appointed as Governor of Surat. However, he was killed as he became the victim of the displeasure of the Sultan of Gujarat around 1515.
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