History of Gujarat
Kutch
Kutch
Kutch is an Ancient land. It has an important historical age. It is known as Kutch due to its Geographical Characteristics and due to its turtle-like land shape. It’s this name has reference in ancient literatures. Mallinathi, in his ‘Bhashya Sanjivani’ on ‘Amarkosh’, has explained it as damp region or fallow low land. The reference of it on this name is in the notes on this region of the foreign travellers visited this country in the old times and in Rock Inscriptions, in Scripted Copper Plates and in ancient writings and manuscripts. Before the rise of the Christian era, the region between Sindh and Saurashtra has been described as ‘Aabhir’ and the name has reference in Mahabharata also. The Greek visitor and army commander also, during the second century Before Christ, referred to this region as ‘Aabiria’ or ‘Aabir’ by corrupting the original name ‘Aabhir’. Up to third or fourth century A. D. and thereafter also it has been referred by both the names of ‘Kutch’ and ‘Aabhir’.

Earlier the Aabhirs were dwelling in this region and hence known as ‘Aabhir’ from its original dwellers. Because of its unique geographical situation, surrounded by water and waste land, it was known as ‘Kutch’ later. The administrative role of Kutch seems hazy. Different communities came from the north and the east inhabited on this land since the ancient time. During the known period of the history, it has remained under the control of various dynasties ruling over Sindh and Gujarat. It was also a part of the Maurya Dynasty. There after; it came under the control of Shak, Kshatrap, Gupt, Haihaya. Later on Maitrak, Gurjar, Chaulukya, Chavda, Solanki, Kathi and other rulers of Gujarat ruled over it. Thus, Kutch had very close association with Gujarat whose course of history has created a great impact on this region.
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