History of Gujarat
Kutch
The history of Kutch can be generally divided into two periods, the ancient and modern that means from the starting of the 14th Century before the victory of Sama of Jadeja and the period thereafter or when the Sama Rajput community of Sindh won the Kutch then a separate state of Kutch came into existence in the 14th century. In the ancient Hindu writings, this region is referred as land on sea-shore or desert area. The earlier history of Kutch is found in Greek literature. During 142 – 124 B. C., Kutch was a part of Manendra state spread from Jamna to Saurashtra. Immediately after that (120 B. C.) the Greko Bactrian Empire fell down. The Sethians known as Shak or Min colonized in Kutch and other parts of North Gujarat. In 56 B. C. as Vikramaditya defeated them, they returned after 20 to 30 years and Choketsyin established his empire.

In this first century of Christ, Parthians were thrown down whose power spread from Sindh to South Bharuch. During the first century after the Christ (77 A. D.), Odumbari, referred by Pliny, usually should be the natives of Kutch. Aarbandari, described by Ptolemy (150 A. D.), must be their head quarter. Another reference of Kutchh indicates that Kutch was given to Charans at the time of Telugu’s death during his publicity in the initial period of the eighth century (around 714 A. D.). It seems that Chavdas of the East were the second main tribe of Kutch. During this period, Arabs had started attacking on Kathiawad and Gujarat shores and won the Sindh. They had started their stay on the sea shore of Kutch in the ninth century. There is reference about Kutch in Al-Biruni (970 - 1034) and as described in it one branch of the river Sindhu meets the Sindh Sea at Kutch border. Bhimdev the 1st (1022 – 1072) of Anhilwad ran away before Muhammad Ghazni came to Kanthkot in the beginning of the eleventh century (1023 A. D.). By the end of the century, the forth Sumra prince Sindhar had taken the area up to Manikbai in his possession.

The modern history of Kutch can be considered from the date when the Sama Rajputs of Sindh won the Kutch. This happened in 14th century or at least it ended by then. In the beginning of the 15th century (1410), Muzaffar Shah (1390 – 1411), the  pioneer of the kingdom of Ahmedabad, defeated the commander of Kanthkot. Though the rule was of Ahmedabad Empire because of this defeat, Kutch remained independent till 1472. It seems that the Sardars of Kutch did not have friendly relations in the beginning of the sixteenth century with Ardhun dynasty (1519 – 1543); who had won over Sama of Tota. According to historians of Sindh, Shah Hussain (1522 - 1544) had entered the Kutch in around 1530 for an occasion and had given stiff defeat to Rao. Jam Dadarji, Jam Hamirji and Jam Rawal were the representatives of the three branches of Jadeja dynasty at that time. Bharmal had gone to Ahmedabad during the rule of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and had presented a gift. Jahangir was very pleased with him.
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